Tree and Shrub Pruning
Cleaning is the selective removal of dead, diseased, cracked, and broken branches. This type of pruning is done to reduce the risk of branches falling from the tree and to reduce the movement of decay, insects, and diseases from dead or dying branches into the rest of the tree.
Thinning is the selective removal of small live branches to reduce crown density. Thinning increases sunlight penetration and air movement through the crown. Proper thinning retains crown shape and size and should provide an even distribution of foliage throughout the crown.
Raising is the selective removal of branches to provide vertical clearance. Crown raising shortens or removes lower branches of a tree to provide clearance for buildings, signs, vehicles, pedestrians and vistas.
Reduction is the selective removal of branches and stems to decrease the height and/or spread of a tree or shrub. This type of pruning is done to minimize risk of failure, to reduce height or spread, for utility line clearance, to clear vegetation from buildings or other structures, or to improve the appearance of the plant (crown shaping).
Structural pruning is the removal of live branches and stems to influence the orientation(direction), spacing, growth rate, strength of attachment, and ultimate size of branches and stems. Structural pruning is used on young and medium-aged trees to help engineer a sustainable trunk and branch arrangement.
Restoration(remedial pruning) is the selective removal of branches, sprouts, and stubs from trees and shrubs that have been topped, severely headed, vandalized, lion tailed, broken in a storm, or otherwise damaged